Entries Tagged as 'Handmade Culture'
- yo vinifano, tu vinifanas, él vinifana....
"Parents have homework tonight," El Híjo announced smugly as he dumped the cuadernos
on the diningroom table earlier this week.
He turned to me and El Fotógrafo: "You have to Vinifan them."
EF and I counted up the stack and groaned. Which Is Stronger Cipro And Amoxicillin usa, Nine school notebooks to cover in clear, toxic-smelling plastic sheets known as Vinifan. This could take all night.
"I know," EH gloated, Which Is Stronger Cipro And Amoxicillin.
I shot EF a pleading look. "You know I'm no good at it. You're the expert."
EF conceded. "I'll do it tonight."
EF sat at his desk for nearly two hours, Which Is Stronger Cipro And Amoxicillin japan, cutting, fitting and taping the clear plastic sheets to EH's notebooks. Which Is Stronger Cipro And Amoxicillin, The sheets have to be cut just so: snugly so they wouldn't fall off when the notebook is open but with enough give to accommodate a closed book. The final product is a transparent cover that protects the book for the entire academic year - mandatory for all children who attend public or private school in Peru.
I knew nothing of the pvc product Vinifan or the verb "to vinifan" when we moved to Peru in July 2007. EH had just finished third grade in the United States and would have been entering fourth grade there in the fall, Which Is Stronger Cipro And Amoxicillin australia, but his Peru counterparts were still in the middle of the school year, which begins in March. In the end, we enrolled EH for an additional four months of third grade, from September through December. The idea was to give our American child time to begin learning Spanish, of which he spoke not a word, nada, Which Is Stronger Cipro And Amoxicillin.
Along with the welcome packet we received from the school's head master was a list of required materials to purchase for the remainder of the year. Six No, 500mg Which Is Stronger Cipro And Amoxicillin. 2 pencils, a pen eraser, a glue stick, a compass, a set of rulers, Which Is Stronger Cipro And Amoxicillin craiglist, one block of colored artist's papers, a metal pencil sharpener, gypsum, a plastic soprano recorder - the list went on and on.
We ran frantically from store to store in Miraflores, checking off items. Which Is Stronger Cipro And Amoxicillin, The child went to his first day of school loaded down with bags of loot. That evening, Which Is Stronger Cipro And Amoxicillin uk, he returned with a written note from his teacher: "Dear Sr. and Sra.: Please vinifan the notebooks that the school is providing!!!!"
The four exclamation marks worried me. We had obviously screwed up big time by not doing this...whatever it was. A mild panic/heart attack went off in my chest. As if we didn't have enough to worry about, Which Is Stronger Cipro And Amoxicillin.
We were having a hard time on the home front convincing El Híjo that it was not a bad thing to have to wear a uniform to school. Which Is Stronger Cipro And Amoxicillin mexico, EH said he looked like a "nerd" wearing blue trousers, a button-down shirt, vest and tie, and wasn't buying that he looked "just like Harry Potter" (my overly enthusiastic assertion).
El Fotógrafo, who had gone to Catholic school in Peru in the '60s and '70s, butted in: "All the kids in Peru wear uniforms, 200mg Which Is Stronger Cipro And Amoxicillin. Get over it. Which Is Stronger Cipro And Amoxicillin, You'll have to wear a tie when you grow up. You might as well get used to it now."
"But what is this ‘vinifan' thing?" I persisted.
"We gotta go to Wong," EF said, pulling another 50 soles bill from his wallet. Which Is Stronger Cipro And Amoxicillin paypal, I tried my best to do a credible job covering the notebooks that night. It didn't seem hard at first. I'm good at wrapping presents, Which Is Stronger Cipro And Amoxicillin. But covering a book is something else.
After messing up twice, I handed the job to EF, whose muscle memory from years of practice at Our Lady of Mt. Carmel kicked in, Which Is Stronger Cipro And Amoxicillin japan. He taped the corners neatly, squarely, no ripples on the plastic surface.
Our kid went back to school the next day not knowing a word of Spanish, but damn if his notebooks didn't look 100% peruano.
So this year, Fotógrafo handled the Vinifan and once again made EH's notebooks look first-rate. I've dubbed him Lord of the Vinifan.
--Barbara R. Drake.
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- Generic Lumigan, MIT students and residents of Ventanilla, Peru work on the bicilavadora, a novel, inexpensive bike/washing machine. Photo / Gwyndaf Jones
Forward-thinking inventors at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have created a "green" washing machine that runs on pedal power, mountain-bike gears and no electricity, making it ideal for rural and impoverished communities.
Last month, MIT students took the newest prototype of the "bicilavadora" machine to an orphanage in the slums of Ventanilla, Lima, Generic Lumigan uk, where volunteers put it through its paces, announced MIT News:
In many developing countries, electricity is unreliable or unavailable and water must be carried by hand, so conventional modern washing machines are not an option. Washing clothes can take up a significant amount of time, and doing laundry in open streams or lakes can add to water pollution, so the availability of a human-powered washing machine could make a big difference to the quality of life.
A pedal-powered washing machine that MIT students and staff built mostly from bicycle parts and empty barrels could solve many of these problems, Generic Lumigan canada, and at the same time could be built locally and thereby create jobs.
Under development for almost four years, the new machine -- dubbed "bicilavadora," combining the Spanish words for bicycle and washing machine -- got its most rigorous workout last month when a team of MIT students took the latest prototype to an orphanage in the slums called Ventanilla outside Lima, Peru, Generic Lumigan. With 670 resident children, the home generates enough laundry to keep the washer perpetually busy.
"The orphanage was like an oasis in the slums of Ventanilla," says Lisa Tacoronte, a junior in mechanical engineering who worked on the project. 250mg Generic Lumigan, As the MIT team worked to set up the machine, "many of the children would watch us work, ask us questions at the same time or try to help us by holding things, or handing us tools while we built it."
The machine was designed to be easy and inexpensive to manufacture, mostly using parts and tools that are readily available almost everywhere in the developing world.
- Filling the bicilavadora with water before taking it for a spin
An earlier version of the washing machine, developed by mechanical engineering graduate student Radu Raduta, won first prize in the MIT IDEAS competition in 2005, Generic Lumigan coupon. Generic Lumigan, That resulted in some funding for further development, which led Raduta to improve the design of the machine's inner drum so that it could be more easily manufactured and transported.
The machine's outer housing is made from a standard oil drum cut apart and welded back together to make a much shorter barrel, because "a full 55-gallon barrel is more laundry than any human can pedal," explains Gwyndaf Jones, a D-Lab instructor who worked on the earlier version and who led this year's Peru field trip. The inner, rotating drum is made from a set of identical plastic pieces bolted together, 200mg Generic Lumigan, which can be taken apart and stored flat for easy transportation. That was the key part of Raduta's design.
"The hardest part to build is the inner drum," Raduta explains, "because it's submerged in water, and full of clothing that can have metal buttons, which abrades the inner walls. It has to be stiff enough to keep its shape, but if it's bare steel it will rust, and paint will peel off." The key part of his thesis research was figuring out how to make the drum strong enough, cheap enough and easy and inexpensive to ship, Generic Lumigan. His latest version is made from molded plastic panels, 150mg Generic Lumigan, and when disassembled it is compact enough to fit in a suitcase -- which is how the students took it to Peru for the January trip.
The "motor" of the machine consists of a bicycle frame, minus its wheels, with the chain running forward to a gear at the end of the washer drum's shaft. "It uses a standard mountain bike gear range," Jones says. 20mg Generic Lumigan, "The highest gear is the spin cycle, and the lowest gear is the wash cycle."
The test was not a total success: Some water leaked around the edges of the barrel, which could cause rust, and very inexpensive bearings used for the shaft were too stiff. Generic Lumigan, But the basic design was well proven out, and with a few small changes an updated version should be able to handle the intensive workload. Further tests will be carried out this spring by other students.
While crucial pieces such as the inner drum segments were brought along from MIT, others including the outer drum and its supporting structure were built on-site. "We improvised for whatever we didn't have and often learned how from locals like Wilbur and Gennard, Generic Lumigan paypal," two of the older orphanage residents, Tacoronte says. "For example, we were unable to cut the two sides for the door on the outer drum that were parallel to the curved surface. Wilbur took up a chisel and went at it with a hammer, Generic Lumigan. The door was done in seconds."
She found the experience very inspiring. "The more time I spent there and the more amazing people I met, Generic Lumigan usa, the more passionate and determined I became about finishing the lavadora and making sure it worked," she says. After the first test run, with the high-gear spin cycle successfully eliminating most of the water from the drum, she says, "The moment they pulled out the merely damp sheets was exhilarating."
Great teamwork, MIT inventors and Ventanilla cyclists. I hope that the updated version will be ready for testing soon, Generic Lumigan craiglist
--Barbara R. Drake
Other humanitarian efforts in Ventanilla:
Bruce.org: "Educate Street Kids & Eradicate Poverty"
Comunidad Sagrada Familia
For an in-depth look at the slums of Lima, read "Urban Slums Report: The Case of Lima, Peru," by Gustavo Riofrio, DESCO.
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- Guy selling dolls at Qoyllur Rit'i 2008
Diflucan Sore Throat, The average Peruvian works so hard, for so little.
El Fotografo and I met this souvenir vendor at the Qoyllur Rit'i pilgrimage in May. He was selling little handmade dolls of costumed dancers for 7 soles a piece. That's about $2.33 each.
They were cute, Diflucan Sore Throat overseas. I bought one.
To get to the plaza where he could sell his dolls, Diflucan Sore Throat us, the guy had to travel for hours in a bus or truck to the town of Mawayani, which is about 13,800 feet above sea level.
The good thing about Mawayani is they have toilets there.
Then he had to climb a steep five-mile path up the mountains, Diflucan Sore Throat coupon, ascending another 1, 1000mg Diflucan Sore Throat, 500 feet, to a pilgrimage shrine under a bunch of glaciers.
That put him at 15,300 feet.
The whole time he had to carry his dolls and his sleeping bag and everything else on his back.
Once he got to Qoyllur Rit'i he had to set up camp and find a rock to pee etc, 50mg Diflucan Sore Throat. behind because there are no toilets at Qoyllur Rit'i, 40mg Diflucan Sore Throat, not really.
Then he had to stand around in the boiling sun (day) or freezing air (night) while thousands of pilgrims danced nonstop in front of the chapel, everyone doing these inscrutable symbolic danzas (ritual dance-dramas) and banging drums. This went on for three days, 30mg Diflucan Sore Throat, 24/7, 100mg Diflucan Sore Throat, and every once in a while someone would buy one of the guy's dolls for 7 soles.
If he sold 20 dolls during the pilgrimage, maybe he made 140 soles -- about $47.
Then he had to climb down the mountain and catch a ride back to wherever he lived, and that was his three days' work.
Forty-seven dollars sounds like squat to an American, Diflucan Sore Throat australia, but if you are a guy in the Andes, 20mg Diflucan Sore Throat, where many people earn the equivalent of $3 or $4 a day, $47 is good.
I don't know. How many people do you know who would climb a 15,300-foot-high mountain and sleep in sub-zero temperatures to make $47 -- and not make a big deal of it?
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My eyes popped when I saw this image on Boing Boing Long Term Use Of Tetracycline, , taken from Zeraga’s Flickr pool via Street Use:
In Perú from Huánuco to Tingo Maria, where the road from the Pacific coast across the Andes finds its way towards the Amazon lowlands. This is near the top of the last mountain pass. From there, 100mg Long Term Use Of Tetracycline, a soapbox rider can enjoy a vertical 1000 meters of gravity assisted ride. Long Term Use Of Tetracycline australia, As these kids help stranded truck drivers along the road, they're called bomberos (firemen). They transport drinks, Long Term Use Of Tetracycline overseas, food and spare parts to broken trucks.
A Peruvian (ZU) who travels that part of northern Peru adds
"I usually use that highway go to work. I saw a lot of those cases of children with their skateboard or a board with wheels (artesanal) (those wheels are metallic and they tolerate the speed) they have had many fatal accidents and some times they do it for work like "fireman", I work for this highway 4 years, most of them are poor children that don't have money neither for the bus ticket, to move from a place to another in long distances and some for "enjoy"."
I haven't been to northern Peru, near the jungle, where this remarkable photo was taken, so I haven't seen the bomberos
for myself, Long Term Use Of Tetracycline
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, But I recognize elements that make this scene typical of contemporary Peru: desperately poor kids/entrepreneurs trying to earn a buck any way they can, the improvised transport (homemade cart coupled to truck), the inexplicable way that authorities allow acts of recklessness to occur on the roads, 150mg Long Term Use Of Tetracycline
Every day in Lima I see poor kids and teenagers performing acrobatics at intersections, Long Term Use Of Tetracycline japan, hoping for a few soles thrown from drivers' windows. I've seen three-year-olds standing on their heads in the middle of the street. The police sometimes chase them away, Long Term Use Of Tetracycline ebay, but the children are always back the next day. Long Term Use Of Tetracycline, They're often "owned" by mafias who make them work the streets and deliver their earnings to adult leaders.
After a while, the kids become numbed to the dangers of traffic. Long Term Use Of Tetracycline canada, And when they are hit by a car, there's hardly ever a reporter around to write the story up. I suspect that most of the childrens' deaths go unreported, 200mg Long Term Use Of Tetracycline.
Kids become bomberos in the provinces because there aren't many other ways to earn a living there. 10mg Long Term Use Of Tetracycline, Their safety and their lives are expendable, as evidences by authorities' unwillingness to prohibit the activity.
This photo intrigues me because while it's visually exciting, the details in it hint at the dark social problems underpinning the scene. Look at the face of the boy on the back: He isn't thrilled; he's nonplussed.
This is work for him, not an "extreme sport."
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Tags: abuse of children in Peru·bomberos·dangerous traffic·poverty in Peru
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Justina weaving on her hand loom, in Pacchanta
We spent about 45 minutes talking with this lovely Quechua-speaking woman, who lives with her children and mother-in-law in a small village called Pacchanta. It's on the trekking circuit around Nevado Ausangate.
Justina earns money by weaving textiles on her handloom, Cialis Generic India us. Cialis Generic India mexico, The day I met her she was weaving a striking piece of fabric with condors and geometric designs, made from handspun, 10mg Cialis Generic India, 50mg Cialis Generic India, home-dyed wool. The colors were quite beautiful.
Her daughters looked on as she deftly wove the threads in and out, 250mg Cialis Generic India, 40mg Cialis Generic India, tracing intricate patterns.
The weaving would be done in two weeks, she told me.
The symbolism of weavings like Justina's is explored in a marvelous book, Cialis Generic India australia, 200mg Cialis Generic India, Woven Stories: Andean Textiles and Rituals (2003), by ethnographer Andrea Heckman, 100mg Cialis Generic India. 500mg Cialis Generic India, It's filled with beautiful, sharp color photographs and includes detailed analysis of the meaning of weavings in Quechua culture. The weavers of Pacchanta are among the artists featured.
I read Woven Stories back in 2006 when I was researching Qoyllur Rit'i in the Latin American collection at the University of Florida library. I borrowed the book for two weeks, the standard loan time, but when it came time to return it, I kept finding excuses not to do so. The photographs in it are gorgeous (it must have cost a fortune to produce), and I'd spend hours poring over the pages.
I ended up ringing up $20 in overdue book charges because of my reluctance to return the book.
It's one I wish were in my library now.
If anyone wants to buy me a copy as a present, I will happily accept the donation.
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Tags: sacred mountains·weaving
- Sr. Mostazo
El Fotografo can't kick this chest cold he's been suffering with for three weeks. Not even the schlep to Santa Eulalia last weekend
could knock it out of his system. So I decided to try a home remedy on him that I read about in Suite 101
Now EF's lying in bed swathed in poultices and blankets, just four feet away from me, and the room reeks of Indian food, Oral Erythromycin For Newborn india.
Let me explain.
Earlier this morning I read about this great mustard plaster (also known as a "poultice") you can make to get rid of lingering chest congestion. That home remedy sounded right for what's ailing EF: For three weeks he's been taking Robitussin and Paltomiel (a Peruvian homeopathic cough syrup), drinking hot tea with honey and popping vitamin Cs to no effect, Oral Erythromycin For Newborn. Something stronger (stranger?) was in order.
The mustard plaster recipe caught my eye because I remember as a kid seeing a movie in which some orphaned kids who live in the country subject their sick landlord (played by Harry Dean Stanton) to an intense cure involving a poultice of hot cooked onions. The film is based on the classic children's novel Where the Lilies Bloom, by Bill and Vera Cleaver, 100mg Oral Erythromycin For Newborn, and that onion scene has always stayed with me.
In that scene Stanton's character, whose name is Kaiser Pease, is on his deathbed wearing these tragic-looking long-johns, and the orphans give him a bath in the onions, long-johns and all, 40mg Oral Erythromycin For Newborn.
- Kaiser Pease getting his onion poultice in Where the Lilies Bloom (1974 film)
The treatment works, Kaiser lives, and I think he marries the oldest girl (the one with the brown hair in the film still). Oral Erythromycin For Newborn
, EF isn't as sick as Kaiser Pease, but I figured a stinky poultice might have a transformative effect on him.
Now comes the part of the story where it gets that Lima twist. Oral Erythromycin For Newborn craiglist, The recipe for a mustard plaster calls for mustard powder. You mix it with flour and hot water, and the hot water activates the mustard's chemical compounds, creating a thick paste that heats up on its own.
You can't use prepared mustard out of a squeeze bottle. (I searched that on Google too.) It has to be dried mustard powder or mustard seeds that you grind yourself, Oral Erythromycin For Newborn.
Supermarkets in the United States carry mustard powder, 750mg Oral Erythromycin For Newborn, but this being Peru, I wasn't sure Wong would have it. As I found out this morning, they don't. 1000mg Oral Erythromycin For Newborn, "Ah," one employee told me, "Cordon Bleu makes polvo de mostaza." He smiled. "Sorry, we don't carry that brand."
After searching ten more minutes among the spices, I found a jar of Badia curry powder, 20mg Oral Erythromycin For Newborn, which contains powdered mustard. That was the closest I'd come, I decided.
"Why not aji Oral Erythromycin For Newborn, ?" the Wong employee asked.
I bought a packet of that for good measure.
So now EF's been lying here for half an hour with a towelful of curry/aji paste tucked under his t-shirt. 250mg Oral Erythromycin For Newborn, The curry mixture didn't get extremely hot like the mustard paste is supposed to, but it did warm his chest.
Prior to applying the poultice, I smeared him with olive oil so the spices wouldn't irritate his skin. The instructions said to do that, Oral Erythromycin For Newborn.
EF is hacking up mucus. "It's working, 500mg Oral Erythromycin For Newborn," he says. "I wasn't coughing up anything before."
We just peeled off the poultice. I wiped off the oil on his chest with a napkin. Oral Erythromycin For Newborn, It came away bright yellow, the color of mustard and tumeric and aji.
He's been curried. Oral Erythromycin For Newborn ebay, Update on EF's grippe (Sat.): The curry plaster helped a bit, but not enough. The next day I hauled EF to the reliable cevicheria Punto Azul to get him some chupe pescado (fish soup) with aji and lime juice added. That helped open things up. Later that night, he steamed his head over a bowl of hot water and eucalyptus oil, which made him feel a lot better. He's been doing that regularly and was well enough today to have a meeting in San Isidro.
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